Scientific Name Manihot esculenta
Common Name Cassava
Taxonomy ID 3983
Lineage cellular organisms > Viridiplantae > Streptophyta > Streptophytina > Embryophyta > Tracheophyta > Euphyllophyta > Spermatophyta > Magnoliophyta > Mesangiospermae > eudicotyledons > Gunneridae > Pentapetalae > rosids > fabids > Malpighiales > Euphorbiaceae > Crotonoideae > Manihoteae > Manihot
External Links NCBI; JGI; PLAZA;
Representative Assembly Mesculenta_305_v6.1 GCF_001659605.1 DNA GFF RNA Protein


Assembly name Accession No. Genome reperesentation Genome size Assembly level Quality control Release date
MK_v2b GCA_000737115.1 - 292.0 Mbp Contig - 2014-07-31
Mesculenta_305_v6.1 GCF_001659605.1 - 582.0 Mbp Scaffold - 2016-06-09
MW_v2d GCA_000737105.1 - 391.0 Mbp Contig - 2014-07-31

Manihot esculenta (commonly called cassava in The Maldives and yuca) is a perennial woody shrub native to South America of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. Commonly called cassava, it is widely grown for its edible roots in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Roots are rich in starch which makes up about 80% of the dry matter. Though poor in protein, roots are rich in vitamin C, carotenes, calcium and potassium. Apart from being used as a source of food, it has a great commercial importance as a source of starch and starch based products. Cassava is propagated vegetatively and is difficult to breed. It is highly tolerant to adverse environmental and soil conditions. It can withstand drought for prolonged periods of time by reducing its leaf canopy and water loss due to transpiration. Realizing the importance of Cassava, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT) became involved in cassava research since the mid 1970s and have generated high density genetic maps. It is also an attractive source of renewable energy because of high starch content. Cassava has a genome of about 760-770 Mb with 18 haploid chromosomes. It is considered an amphidiploid or sequential allopolyploid, with a high level of heterozygosity. Large numbers of ESTs have been generated from cassava with an aim to study genetic diversity, biotic and abiotic stress resistance and improved starch production.