Scientific Name Prunus persica
Common Name Peach
Taxonomy ID 3760
Lineage cellular organisms > Viridiplantae > Streptophyta > Streptophytina > Embryophyta > Tracheophyta > Euphyllophyta > Spermatophyta > Magnoliophyta > Mesangiospermae > eudicotyledons > Gunneridae > Pentapetalae > rosids > fabids > Rosales > Rosaceae > Maloideae > Amygdaleae > Prunus
External Links NCBI; EBI; JGI; PLAZA;
Representative Assembly Prunus_persica_NCBIv2 GCF_000346465.2 DNA GFF RNA Protein

Prunus persica, peach, belongs to the family Rosaceae. Prunus persica is a deciduous tree native to the region of Northwest China between the Tarim Basin and the north slopes of the Kunlun Shan mountains, where it was first domesticated and cultivated since 2000 BCE. It bears an edible juicy fruit called a peach or a nectarine. The fruit was brought to India and Persia from which it reached Greece by 300 BC. The specific epithet persica refers to its widespread cultivation in Persia, whence it was transplanted to Europe. It belongs to the genus Prunus which includes the cherry, apricot, almond and plum, in the rose family. The peach is classified with the almond in the subgenus Amygdalus, distinguished from the other subgenera by the corrugated seed shell. Being diploid with 2n = 16 chromosomes and a small genome size of about 290 MB, peach has become the plant of choice to be developed as a model for genome study in the family Rosaceae. In addition, it has a relatively short juvenile period of 2 to 3 yrs and is one of the best genetically characterized species in this family. A collection of whole-genome scaffolds were submitted to NCBI in 2010. These were prepared from Illumina paired-end reads and 454 FLX reads.