Scientific Name Glycine max
Common Name Soybean
Taxonomy ID 3847
Lineage cellular organisms > Viridiplantae > Streptophyta > Streptophytina > Embryophyta > Tracheophyta > Euphyllophyta > Spermatophyta > Magnoliophyta > Mesangiospermae > eudicotyledons > Gunneridae > Pentapetalae > rosids > fabids > Fabales > Fabaceae > Papilionoideae > Phaseoleae > Glycine > Soja
External Links NCBI; EBI; JGI; PLAZA; Specialized Database
Representative Assembly Glycine_max_v2.0 GCF_000004515.4 DNA GFF RNA Protein
Description:

Glycine max, the soybean in North America, is a species of legume native to East Asia and an annual herb of great economic importance. It belongs to family Fabaceae and tribe Phaseoleae which includes several other important legumes like beans, pigeon pea, black gram, mung bean etc. The plant, classed as an oilseed rather than a pulse by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, produces significantly more protein per acre than most other uses of land. It is believed to have originated in Asia but is now cultivated extensively for food and forage throughout the world. It is a major source of vegetable oil and protein in the world. Each soybean seed contains about 20% oil and about 50% of the remaining meal is protein. Fat-free (defatted) soybean meal is a significant and cheap source of protein for animal feeds and many packaged meals. The beans contain significant amounts of phytic acid, dietary minerals and B vitamins. Soy vegetable oil, used in food and industrial applications, is another product of processing the soybean crop. The main countries growing soybeans are the United States (32% of world total, 2016 forecast), Brazil (31%) and Argentina (18%). The genome of G. max is a diploidized tetraploid with 2n = 40 chromosomes and a genome size of about 1115 Mb. Several well developed genomic resources are available: a well developed composite genetic map, large number of ESTs and a number of BAC libraries.