20 years of the SMART protein domain annotation resource. [PMID: 29040681]
Ivica Letunic, Peer Bork,
SMART (Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool) is a web resource (http://smart.embl.de) for the identification and annotation of protein domains and the analysis of protein domain architectures. SMART version 8 contains manually curated models for more than 1300 protein domains, with approximately 100 new models added since our last update article (1). The underlying protein databases were synchronized with UniProt (2), Ensembl (3) and STRING (4), doubling the total number of annotated domains and other protein features to more than 200 million. In its 20th year, the SMART analysis results pages have been streamlined again and its information sources have been updated. SMART's vector based display engine has been extended to all protein schematics in SMART and rewritten to use the latest web technologies. The internal full text search engine has been redesigned and updated, resulting in greatly increased search speed.
Nucleic Acids Res 2018:46(D1)
90 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-08-03)
SMART: recent updates, new developments and status in 2015. [PMID: 25300481]
Ivica Letunic, Tobias Doerks, Peer Bork
SMART (Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool) is a web resource (http://smart.embl.de/) providing simple identification and extensive annotation of protein domains and the exploration of protein domain architectures. In the current version, SMART contains manually curated models for more than 1200 protein domains, with ? 200 new models since our last update article. The underlying protein databases were synchronized with UniProt, Ensembl and STRING, bringing the total number of annotated domains and other protein features above 100 million. SMART's 'Genomic' mode, which annotates proteins from completely sequenced genomes was greatly expanded and now includes 2031 species, compared to 1133 in the previous release. SMART analysis results pages have been completely redesigned and include links to several new information sources. A new, vector-based display engine has been developed for protein schematics in SMART, which can also be exported as high-resolution bitmap images for easy inclusion into other documents. Taxonomic tree displays in SMART have been significantly improved, and can be easily navigated using the integrated search engine. © The Author(s) 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research.
Nucleic Acids Res 2015:43(Database issue)
501 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-08-03)
SMART 5: domains in the context of genomes and networks. [PMID: 16381859]
Ivica Letunic, Richard R Copley, Birgit Pils, Stefan Pinkert, Jörg Schultz, Peer Bork,
The Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool (SMART) is an online resource (http://smart.embl.de/) used for protein domain identification and the analysis of protein domain architectures. Many new features were implemented to make SMART more accessible to scientists from different fields. The new 'Genomic' mode in SMART makes it easy to analyze domain architectures in completely sequenced genomes. Domain annotation has been updated with a detailed taxonomic breakdown and a prediction of the catalytic activity for 50 SMART domains is now available, based on the presence of essential amino acids. Furthermore, intrinsically disordered protein regions can be identified and displayed. The network context is now displayed in the results page for more than 350 000 proteins, enabling easy analyses of domain interactions.
Nucleic Acids Res 2006:34(Database issue)
552 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-07-27)
SMART 4.0: towards genomic data integration. [PMID: 14681379]
Ivica Letunic, Richard R Copley, Steffen Schmidt, Francesca D Ciccarelli, Tobias Doerks, Jörg Schultz, Chris P Ponting, Peer Bork,
SMART (Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool) is a web tool (http://smart.embl.de/) for the identification and annotation of protein domains, and provides a platform for the comparative study of complex domain architectures in genes and proteins. The January 2004 release of SMART contains 685 protein domains. New developments in SMART are centred on the integration of data from completed metazoan genomes. SMART now uses predicted proteins from complete genomes in its source sequence databases, and integrates these with predictions of orthology. New visualization tools have been developed to allow analysis of gene intron-exon structure within the context of protein domain structure, and to align these displays to provide schematic comparisons of orthologous genes, or multiple transcripts from the same gene. Other improvements include the ability to query SMART by Gene Ontology terms, improved structure database searching and batch retrieval of multiple entries.
Nucleic Acids Res 2004:32(Database issue)
558 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-07-27)
SMART, a simple modular architecture research tool: identification of signaling domains. [PMID: 9600884]
J Schultz, F Milpetz, P Bork, C P Ponting
Accurate multiple alignments of 86 domains that occur in signaling proteins have been constructed and used to provide a Web-based tool (SMART: simple modular architecture research tool) that allows rapid identification and annotation of signaling domain sequences. The majority of signaling proteins are multidomain in character with a considerable variety of domain combinations known. Comparison with established databases showed that 25% of our domain set could not be deduced from SwissProt and 41% could not be annotated by Pfam. SMART is able to determine the modular architectures of single sequences or genomes; application to the entire yeast genome revealed that at least 6.7% of its genes contain one or more signaling domains, approximately 350 greater than previously annotated. The process of constructing SMART predicted (i) novel domain homologues in unexpected locations such as band 4.1-homologous domains in focal adhesion kinases; (ii) previously unknown domain families, including a citron-homology domain; (iii) putative functions of domain families after identification of additional family members, for example, a ubiquitin-binding role for ubiquitin-associated domains (UBA); (iv) cellular roles for proteins, such predicted DEATH domains in netrin receptors further implicating these molecules in axonal guidance; (v) signaling domains in known disease genes such as SPRY domains in both marenostrin/pyrin and Midline 1; (vi) domains in unexpected phylogenetic contexts such as diacylglycerol kinase homologues in yeast and bacteria; and (vii) likely protein misclassifications exemplified by a predicted pleckstrin homology domain in a Candida albicans protein, previously described as an integrin.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1998:95(11)
1975 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-08-03)