Database Commons

a catalog of biological databases

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Database information

GenBank (GenBank)

General information

Description: GenBank is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available DNA sequences for more than 165 000 named organisms, obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects.
Year founded: 1982
Last update: 2017-01-01
Version:
Accessibility:
Manual:
Accessible
Real time : Checking...
Country/Region: United States
Data type:
DNA
Data object:
Database category:
Major organism:
Keywords:

Contact information

University/Institution: National Center for Biotechnology Information
Address: 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
City: Bethesda
Province/State: MD
Country/Region: United States
Contact name (PI/Team): GenBank team
Contact email (PI/Helpdesk): genomes@ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Publications

Dennis A Benson, Mark Cavanaugh, Karen Clark, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, David J Lipman, James Ostell, Eric W Sayers

GenBank(®) (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genbank/) is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available nucleotide sequences for 370 000 formally described species. These sequences are obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects, including whole genome shotgun (WGS) and environmental sampling projects. Most submissions are made using the web-based BankIt or the NCBI Submission Portal. GenBank staff assign accession numbers upon data receipt. Daily data exchange with the European Nucleotide Archive (ENA) and the DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ) ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through the NCBI Nucleotide database, which links to related information such as taxonomy, genomes, protein sequences and structures, and biomedical journal literature in PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. Recent updates include changes to policies regarding sequence identifiers, an improved 16S submission wizard, targeted loci studies, the ability to submit methylation and BioNano mapping files, and a database of anti-microbial resistance genes. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research 2016. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2017:45(D1) | 88 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
Karen Clark, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, David J Lipman, James Ostell, Eric W Sayers

GenBank(®) (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genbank/) is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available nucleotide sequences for over 340 000 formally described species. Recent developments include a new starting page for submitters, a shift toward using accession.version identifiers rather than GI numbers, a wizard for submitting 16S rRNA sequences, and an Identical Protein Report to address growing issues of data redundancy. GenBank organizes the sequence data received from individual laboratories and large-scale sequencing projects into 18 divisions, and GenBank staff assign unique accession.version identifiers upon data receipt. Most submitters use the web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs. Daily data exchange with the European Nucleotide Archive (ENA) and the DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ) ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through the nuccore, nucest, and nucgss databases of the Entrez retrieval system, which integrates these records with a variety of other data including taxonomy nodes, genomes, protein structures, and biomedical journal literature in PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research 2015. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2016:44(D1) | 179 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
Dennis A Benson, Karen Clark, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, David J Lipman, James Ostell, Eric W Sayers

GenBank(®) (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genbank/) is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available nucleotide sequences for over 300 000 formally described species. These sequences are obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects, including whole-genome shotgun and environmental sampling projects. Most submissions are made using the web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs, and GenBank staff assign accession numbers upon data receipt. Daily data exchange with the European Nucleotide Archive and the DNA Data Bank of Japan ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through the NCBI Entrez retrieval system, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research 2014. This work is written by US Government employees and is in the public domain in the US.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2015:43(Database issue) | 184 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
Dennis A Benson, Karen Clark, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, David J Lipman, James Ostell, Eric W Sayers

GenBank is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available nucleotide sequences for over 280,000 formally described species. These sequences are obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects, including whole-genome shotgun and environmental sampling projects. Most submissions are made using the web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs, and GenBank staff assign accession numbers upon data receipt. Daily data exchange with the European Nucleotide Archive and the DNA Data Bank of Japan ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Entrez retrieval system, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. To access GenBank and its related retrieval and analysis services, begin at the NCBI home page: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2014:42(Database issue) | 158 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
Dennis A Benson, Mark Cavanaugh, Karen Clark, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, David J Lipman, James Ostell, Eric W Sayers

GenBank® (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available nucleotide sequences for almost 260 000 formally described species. These sequences are obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects, including whole-genome shotgun (WGS) and environmental sampling projects. Most submissions are made using the web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs, and GenBank staff assigns accession numbers upon data receipt. Daily data exchange with the European Nucleotide Archive (ENA) and the DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ) ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through the NCBI Entrez retrieval system, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. To access GenBank and its related retrieval and analysis services, begin at the NCBI home page: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2013:41(Database issue) | 751 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
Dennis A Benson, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, Karen Clark, David J Lipman, James Ostell, Eric W Sayers

GenBank® is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available nucleotide sequences for more than 250,00 formally described species. These sequences are obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects, including whole-genome shotgun (WGS) and environmental sampling projects. Most submissions are made using the web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs, and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Daily data exchange with the European Nucleotide Archive (ENA) and the DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ) ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through the NCBI Entrez retrieval system, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. To access GenBank and its related retrieval and analysis services, begin at the NCBI home page: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2012:40(Database issue) | 308 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
Dennis A Benson, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, David J Lipman, James Ostell, Eric W Sayers

GenBank® is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available nucleotide sequences for more than 380,000 organisms named at the genus level or lower, obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects, including whole genome shotgun (WGS) and environmental sampling projects. Most submissions are made using the web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs, and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Daily data exchange with the European Nucleotide Archive (ENA) and the DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ) ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through the NCBI Entrez retrieval system that integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. To access GenBank and its related retrieval and analysis services, begin at the NCBI Homepage: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2011:39(Database issue) | 332 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
Dennis A Benson, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, David J Lipman, James Ostell, Eric W Sayers

GenBank is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available nucleotide sequences for more than 300,000 organisms named at the genus level or lower, obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects, including whole genome shotgun (WGS) and environmental sampling projects. Most submissions are made using the web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs, and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Daily data exchange with the European Molecular Biology Laboratory Nucleotide Sequence Database in Europe and the DNA Data Bank of Japan ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through the NCBI Entrez retrieval system, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bi-monthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. To access GenBank and its related retrieval and analysis services, begin at the NCBI homepage: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2010:38(Database issue) | 174 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
Dennis A Benson, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, David J Lipman, James Ostell, Eric W Sayers

GenBank is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available nucleotide sequences for more than 300,000 organisms named at the genus level or lower, obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects. Most submissions are made using the web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs, and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank(R) staff upon receipt. Daily data exchange with the European Molecular Biology Laboratory Nucleotide Sequence Database in Europe and the DNA Data Bank of Japan ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Entrez retrieval system, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. To access GenBank and its related retrieval and analysis services, begin at the NCBI Homepage: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2009:37(Database issue) | 353 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
Dennis A Benson, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, David J Lipman, James Ostell, David L Wheeler

GenBank (R) is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available nucleotide sequences for more than 260 000 named organisms, obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects. Most submissions are made using the web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Daily data exchange with the European Molecular Biology Laboratory Nucleotide Sequence Database in Europe and the DNA Data Bank of Japan ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through NCBI's retrieval system, Entrez, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. To access GenBank and its related retrieval and analysis services, begin at the NCBI Homepage: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2008:36(Database issue) | 433 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
Dennis A Benson, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, David J Lipman, James Ostell, David L Wheeler

GenBank (R) is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available nucleotide sequences for more than 240 000 named organisms, obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects. Most submissions are made using the web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Daily data exchange with the EMBL Data Library in Europe and the DNA Data Bank of Japan ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through NCBI's retrieval system, Entrez, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. To access GenBank and its related retrieval and analysis services, begin at the NCBI Homepage (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov).

Nucleic Acids Res. 2007:35(Database issue) | 221 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
Dennis A Benson, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, David J Lipman, James Ostell, David L Wheeler

GenBank (R) is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available DNA sequences for more than 205 000 named organisms, obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects. Most submissions are made using the Web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Daily data exchange with the EMBL Data Library in Europe and the DNA Data Bank of Japan ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through NCBI's retrieval system, Entrez, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. To access GenBank and its related retrieval and analysis services, go to the NCBI Homepage at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2006:34(Database issue) | 252 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
Dennis A Benson, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, David J Lipman, James Ostell, David L Wheeler

GenBank is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available DNA sequences for more than 165,000 named organisms, obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects. Most submissions are made using the web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Daily data exchange with the EMBL Data Library in the UK and the DNA Data Bank of Japan helps to ensure worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through NCBI's retrieval system, Entrez, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. To access GenBank and its related retrieval and analysis services, go to the NCBI Homepage at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2005:33(Database issue) | 462 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
GenBank: update. [PMID: 14681350]
Dennis A Benson, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, David J Lipman, James Ostell, David L Wheeler

GenBank is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available DNA sequences for more than 140 000 named organisms, obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects. Most submissions are made using the BankIt (web) or Sequin program and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Daily data exchange with the EMBL Data Library in the UK and the DNA Data Bank of Japan helps ensure worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through NCBI's retrieval system, Entrez, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. To access GenBank and its related retrieval and analysis services, go to the NCBI home page at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2004:32(Database issue) | 277 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
Dennis A Benson, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, David J Lipman, James Ostell, David L Wheeler

GenBank (R) is a comprehensive sequence database that contains publicly available DNA sequences for more than 119 000 different organisms, obtained primarily through the submission of sequence data from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects. Most submissions are made using the BankIt (web) or Sequin programs and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Daily data exchange with the EMBL Data Library in the UK and the DNA Data Bank of Japan helps ensure worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through NCBI's retrieval system, Entrez, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. To access GenBank and its related retrieval and analysis services, go to the NCBI home page at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2003:31(1) | 192 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
Dennis A Benson, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, David J Lipman, James Ostell, Barbara A Rapp, David L Wheeler

The GenBank sequence database incorporates publicly available DNA sequences of more than 105 000 different organisms, primarily through direct submission of sequence data from individual laboratories and large-scale sequencing projects. Most submissions are made using the BankIt (web) or Sequin programs and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Data exchange with the EMBL Data Library and the DNA Data Bank of Japan helps ensure comprehensive worldwide coverage. GenBank data is accessible through NCBI's integrated retrieval system, Entrez, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical literature via PubMed. Sequence similarity searching is provided by the BLAST family of programs. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. NCBI also offers a wide range of World Wide Web retrieval and analysis services based on GenBank data. The GenBank database and related resources are freely accessible via the NCBI home page at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2002:30(1) | 276 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
D A Benson, I Karsch-Mizrachi, D J Lipman, J Ostell, B A Rapp, D L Wheeler

The GenBank((R))sequence database incorporates publicly available DNA sequences of >55 000 different organisms, primarily through direct submission of sequence data from individual laboratories and large-scale sequencing projects. Most submissions are made using the BankIt (Web) or Sequin programs and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Data exchange with the EMBL Data Library and the DNA Data Bank of Japan helps ensure comprehensive worldwide coverage. GenBank data is accessible through NCBI's integrated retrieval system, Entrez, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping and protein structure information, plus the biomedical literature via PubMed. Sequence similarity searching is provided by the BLAST family of programs. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. NCBI also offers a wide range of WWW retrieval and analysis services based on GenBank data. The GenBank database and related resources are freely accessible via the NCBI home page at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Nucleic Acids Res. 2000:28(1) | 430 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
GenBank. [PMID: 9847132]
D A Benson, M S Boguski, D J Lipman, J Ostell, B F Ouellette, B A Rapp, D L Wheeler

The GenBank (Registered Trademark symbol) sequence database incorporates DNA sequences from all available public sources, primarily through the direct submission of sequence data from individual laboratories and from large-scale sequencing projects. Most submitters use the BankIt (Web) or Sequin programs to format and send sequence data. Data exchange with the EMBL Data Library and the DNA Data Bank of Japan helps ensure comprehensive worldwide coverage. GenBank data is accessible through NCBI's integrated retrieval system, Entrez, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome and protein structure information. MEDLINE (Registered Trademark symbol) s from published articles describing the sequences are included as an additional source of biological annotation through the PubMed search system. Sequence similarity searching is offered through the BLAST series of database search programs. In addition to FTP, Email, and server/client versions of Entrez and BLAST, NCBI offers a wide range of World Wide Web retrieval and analysis services based on GenBank data. The GenBank database and related resources are freely accessible via the URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Nucleic Acids Res. 1999:27(1) | 297 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
GenBank. [PMID: 9399790]
D A Benson, M S Boguski, D J Lipman, J Ostell, B F Ouellette

The GenBank(R) sequence database (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/) incorporates DNA sequences from all available public sources, primarily through the direct submission of sequence data from individual laboratories and from large-scale sequencing projects. Most submitters use the BankIt (WWW) or Sequin programs to send their sequence data. Data exchange with the EMBL Data Library and the DNA Data Bank of Japan helps ensure comprehensive worldwide coverage. GenBank data is accessible through NCBI's integrated retrieval system, Entrez , which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome and protein structure information. MEDLINE(R) abstracts from published articles describing the sequences are also included as an additional source of biological annotation. Sequence similarity searching is offered through the BLAST series of database search programs. In addition to FTP, e-mail and server/client versions of Entrez and BLAST, NCBI offers a wide range of World Wide Web retrieval and analysis services of interest to biologists.

Nucleic Acids Res. 1998:26(1) | 193 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
GenBank. [PMID: 9016491]
D A Benson, M S Boguski, D J Lipman, J Ostell

The GenBank sequence database incorporates DNA sequences from all available public sources, primarily through the direct submission of sequence data from authors and from large-scale sequencing projects. Data exchange with the EMBL Data Library and the DNA Data Bank of Japan helps ensure comprehensive coverage. GenBank continues to focus on quality control and annotation while expanding data coverage and retrieval services. An integrated retrieval system, known asEntrez, incorporates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases, along with genome maps and protein structure information. MEDLINE abstracts from published articles describing the sequences are also included as an additional source of biological annotation. Sequence similarity searching is offered through the BLAST family of programs. All of NCBI's services are offered through the World Wide Web. In addition, there are specialized server/client versions as well as FTP and e-mail server access.

Nucleic Acids Res. 1997:25(1) | 91 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
GenBank. [PMID: 8594554]
D A Benson, M Boguski, D J Lipman, J Ostell

The GenBank sequence database continues to expand its data coverage, quality control, annotation content and retrieval services. GenBank is comprised of DNA sequences submitted directly by authors as well as sequences from the other major public databases. An integrated retrieval system, known as Entrez, contains data from GenBank and from the major protein sequence and structural databases, as well as related MEDLINE abstracts. Users may access GenBank over the Internet through the World Wide Web and through special client-server programs for text and sequence similarity searching. FTP, CD-ROM and e-mail servers are alternate means of access.

Nucleic Acids Res. 1996:24(1) | 68 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
GenBank. [PMID: 7937042]
D A Benson, M Boguski, D J Lipman, J Ostell

The GenBank sequence database continues to expand its data coverage, quality control, annotation content and retrieval services for the scientific community. Besides handling direct submissions of sequence data from authors, GenBank also incorporates DNA sequences from all available public sources; an integrated retrieval system, known as Entrez, also makes available data from the major protein sequence and structural databases, and from U.S. and European patents. MIDLINE abstracts from published articles describing the sequences are also included as an additional source of biological annotation for sequence entries. GenBank supports distribution of the data via FTP, CD-ROM, and E-mail servers. Network server-client programs provide access to an integrated database for literature retrieval and sequence similarity searching.

Nucleic Acids Res. 1994:22(17) | 93 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
GenBank. [PMID: 8332518]
D Benson, D J Lipman, J Ostell

The GenBank sequence database has undergone an expansion in data coverage, annotation content and the development of new services for the scientific community. In addition to nucleotide sequences, data from the major protein sequence and structural databases, and from U.S. and European patents is now included in an integrated system. MEDLINE abstracts from published articles describing the sequences provide an important new source of biological annotation for sequence entries. In addition to the continued support of existing services, new CD-ROM and network-based systems have been implemented for literature retrieval and sequence similarity searching. Major releases of GenBank are now more frequent and the data are distributed in several new forms for both end users and software developers.

Nucleic Acids Res. 1993:21(13) | 130 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
GenBank. [PMID: 1598235]
C Burks, M J Cinkosky, W M Fischer, P Gilna, J E Hayden, G M Keen, M Kelly, D Kristofferson, J Lawrence

The GenBank nucleotide sequence database now contains sequence data and associated annotation corresponding to 85,000,000 nucleotides in 67,000 entries from a total of 3,000 organisms. The input stream of data coming into the database is primarily as direct submissions from the scientific community on electronic media, with little or no data being keyboarded from the printed page by the databank staff. The data are maintained in a relational database management system and are made available in flatfile form through on-line access, and through various network and off-line computer-readable media. The data are also distributed in relational form through satellite copies at a number of institutions in the U.S. and elsewhere. In addition, GenBank provides the U.S. distribution center for the BIOSCI electronic bulletin board service.

Nucleic Acids Res. 1992:20 Suppl() | 18 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
GenBank. [PMID: 2041806]
C Burks, M Cassidy, M J Cinkosky, K E Cumella, P Gilna, J E Hayden, G M Keen, T A Kelley, M Kelly, D Kristofferson

The GenBank nucleotide sequence database now contains sequence data and associated annotation corresponding to 56,000,000 nucleotides in 45,000 entries. The input stream of data coming into the database has largely been shifted to direct submissions from the scientific community on electronic media. The data have been installed in a relational database management system and are made available in this form through on-line access, and through various network and off-line computer-readable media. In addition, GenBank provides the U.S. distribution center for the BIOSCI electronic bulletin board service.

Nucleic Acids Res. 1991:19 Suppl() | 27 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
The GenBank genetic sequence data bank. [PMID: 3353225]
H S Bilofsky, C Burks

The GenBank Genetic Sequence Data Bank contains nearly 15,000 entries for DNA and RNA sequences that have been reported since 1967. This paper briefly describes the contents of the database, the forms in which the data are distributed, and the services available to scientists using the GenBank database.

Nucleic Acids Res. 1988:16(5) | 175 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
The GenBank genetic sequence databank. [PMID: 3945546]
H S Bilofsky, C Burks, J W Fickett, W B Goad, F I Lewitter, W P Rindone, C D Swindell, C S Tung

The GenBank Genetic Sequence Data Bank contains over 5700 entries for DNA and RNA sequences that have been reported since 1967. This paper briefly describes the contents of the database, the forms in which the database is distributed, and the services we offer to scientists who use the GenBank database.

Nucleic Acids Res. 1986:14(1) | 118 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)
The GenBank nucleic acid sequence database. [PMID: 3880345]
C Burks, J W Fickett, W B Goad, M Kanehisa, F I Lewitter, W P Rindone, C D Swindell, C S Tung, H S Bilofsky

The GenBank nucleic acid sequence database is a computer-based collection of all published DNA and RNA sequences; it contains over five million bases in close to six thousand sequence entries drawn from four thousand five hundred published articles. Each sequence is accompanied by relevant biological annotation. The database is available either on magnetic tape, on floppy diskettes, on-line or in hardcopy form. We discuss the structure of the database, the extent of the data and the implications of the database for research on nucleic acids.

Comput Appl Biosci. 1985:1(4) | 32 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2019-11-01)

Ranking

All databases:
45/4531 (99.029%)
Gene genome and annotation:
23/1162 (98.107%)
45
Total Rank
6,312
Citations
185.647
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Created on: 2015-12-21
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***ina@***c.cn [2019-04-19]
***ina@***c.cn [2018-06-08]
***ina@***c.cn [2018-06-07]
***ina@***c.cn [2017-06-21]
***shx@***c.cn [2017-02-21]
***shx@***c.cn [2017-02-08]
***ina@***c.cn [2016-08-16]
***ina@***c.cn [2016-04-11]
***ina@***c.cn [2016-04-08]
***engwei@***63.com [2016-02-13]
***ng***ng@***c.cn [2016-01-18]
***lin@***c.cn [2016-01-18]
***lin@***c.cn [2016-01-12]
***ng***ng@***c.cn [2015-12-29]